POLISH SCHOOL OF SECURITY CULTURE AND DEFENSE. AN OUTLINE OF THE CONCEPTION OF MARIAN CIEŚLARCZYK

Juliusz Piwowarski, Lyubomyr I. Sopilnyk


TSecurity is based on fixed values that are preserved in three dimensions, individual and social, and external and internal to a particular entity. Those dimensions are: mental (spiritual and psychosocial) organizational and legal, and material. A phenomenon of the most pluralistic structure, thus adequate to attributes (transdisciplinarity, interdisciplinarity) of security studies discipline is security culture. The phenomenon itself, which is called security is being identified in dependence of the context as one of following concept: a state without threats, a value, a development process, a function of development, and finally – as certain social construct. In the article presented was the problem that is a prolegomena to recently created in Poland research discipline, i.e. security studies. The authors of the article are publishing their scientific transmission in the context of serving the peace, and also the security, constructive scientific and research cooperation. It refers to two schools of higher education, which actively cooperate. One of them operates in Poland (Cracow, European Union), the latter in Ukraine (Lvov – CIS*)


Keywords
Security, science, three pillars of security, defense