Chuligaństwo stadionowe na przykładzie Krakowa

Przemysław Stelmach, Jakub Tyrpa
Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego w Krakowie

[accordion title=”ABSTRACT”]The aim of the presentation is to present the environment of football fans and hooligans. Authors’ observations apply mainly to Cracovian groups of fans. The aim of that work is to characterize formal and informal groups of supporters operating at stadiums in Poland: stadium hooligan groups, “ultras” groups and fans associations. There are also presented the ways of raising funds and support for needs of groups of fan and mentioned issues connected with the legalization of pyrotechnics in stadiums and the creation of football murals in various places.[/accordion]
[accordion title=”ARTICLE INFO”]
fans, hooligans, sports fans
[accordion title=”DOWNLOAD”]PDF
[accordion title=”DOI”] 10.24356/SEL/21/4 [/accordion]